Introduction and basic maintenance of 22 popular succulents

Succulents Introduction Lazy Pack, once understand the common and popular succulents care methods on the market, and tell you why the succulents wilt and grow. Succulents do not need to be watered frequently, have few pests and diseases, and are easy to maintain. The characteristics are quite in line with the needs of modern people. Even if they are not watered for two weeks abroad, they may still be alive. This article is written for novices, for everyone to read. After that, I will be more confident and take care of a lot of meat!

An introduction to 20 popular succulents, the representative succulent species of each family and genera can be seen at a time.

  1. Qiuli – Succulents that change color and are easy to take care of

Qiuli, a succulent plant in the Crassulaceae family, is an interbreeding of Omoyue (Windmill) and Otomexin (Sedum). The easy-to-group growth pattern and the appearance of the flower are inherited to the obscure moon. The leaves are long and thick. The leaves have obvious geometric edges and corners and light white powder. The leaves are smooth and concave, and the back is relatively rounded. The maximum diameter of each flower does not exceed the size of an adult palm. , Planting for more than two years is easy to lignify into an old posture.

  1. White Peony-Mixed blood and fleshy like a rose

White peony (Graptoveria cv. Titubans) is a cross species of Crassulaceae. It is a species derived from the mating of Graptopetalum paraguayensis (Graptopetalum paraguayensis) and Echeveria derenbergii (Echeveria derenbergii). The appearance is quiet and short and short at night, but the characteristics of taking good care of the growth are inherited to the obscure moon, which can be said to be a good baby in the succulent world! The front looks like a white rose, and the side leaves are very thick.

  1. Bird fan – leaf color like chocolate chips

Bird fan, Crassulaceae, scientific name: Kalanchoe rhombopilosa, English name: Pies from Heaven (fragments from heaven), a native species of Madagascar.

The appearance of the bird fan is very easy to recognize, the gray leaf color, the flake shape like a fan, the top is like a brown spot painted little by little, the more the sun is exposed, the more obvious the spot. A single leaf is about 3 cm in size, and an adult plant is about 30 cm high. In Taiwan, we helped him get a suitable nickname “Chocolate Chips” because of his appearance. It’s cute! (Click here to see more photos of bird fan)

  1. The Dance of Bai Ji – The fleshy meat that the round leaf control must collect

The dance of Bai Ji, Crassulaceae is a genus of the genus Kalanchoe Marnieriana, scientific name: Kalanchoe Marnieriana. The Dance of Bai Ji is native to South Africa. It has an erect rhizome, opposite leaves (one long on the left and right), and the leaves are flat and in the shape of an arc racket. They are smooth and hairless with white powder, and the edges of the leaves are slightly irregularly serrated. The leaf is about 1.5-2 cm in size and grows upright.

Kalanchoe is succulent, because the succulents of this genus can grow well all year round in Taiwan, so it is highly recommended for novices who raise succulents.

  1. Lace girl-the most suitable meat to share with friends

Lace girl, sedum sedum, native to Madagascar, scientific name: Bryo phyllum laetivirens. It is also called Princess Lace and Die Wu of the Forest.

“Falling roots”, just by seeing these four words, you can imagine how good plants of this genus are! Roots grow as long as they touch the ground. The origin is Africa, and the plant can grow to a height of more than one meter. Put a leaf on the soil (you don’t even need to plant it, just leave it), the edge of the leaf can germinate, without relying on seeds to reproduce, if they are folded in half, they can grow, so it is called “Landing Roots”! And he can be said to be one of the easiest and succulent representative varieties, easy and easy to have many children!

  1. Twelve Scrolls

I believe that many people are familiar with the succulents of the “Twelve Rolls”. It can be said to be a representative species of the sclerophyllous Liliaceae. The leaves have white ridges that look like frosting. They are very popular in the gift-giving potted plants. It is common. He is not the same as the fleshy appearance of flowers that most people are accustomed to. He does not have the plump leaves like the white phoenix just introduced. Look at his appearance: the tail end is pointed, and it does not sting or hurt people. On the contrary, it is hard to QQ, and there is another solid healing feeling.

The Twelve Rolls are very shade-tolerant succulents. In other words, they don’t have such a high demand for sunlight. Just plant them in astigmatic places. Direct sunlight (where the sun shines on shadows) will give those who need a lot. Sunshine, easy to grow fleshy, the corners of the office, the corners of the balcony, and the second floor of the wooden frame are handed over to the Twelve Rolls!

If you want to find a succulent plant that has the following other advantages: it can be placed indoors, it is long and large and does not deform easily, and it has strong vitality, then the Twelve Scrolls are your first choice!

  1. Green coral-large fleshy shaped like a pencil
    Green corals, large succulents, succulents that can be as high as a tree, lignified, green corals have to be as high as a tree, few leaves but very green

He has other names: Bachelor Tree, Green Coral, Blue Coral, Iron Tree, Tieluo, Dragon Bone Tree, Fairy Rod, Dragon Bone Tree, Milk Scallion Tree, Termite Tree, etc. From these names, it is not difficult to imagine that he can grow as tall as a “tree”. If you have been here with meat, you must have seen a green coral at the door of our store, a green coral over 25 years old. Because it is easy to take care of, it is not difficult to plant him like a big tree. If you want to plant a succulent plant with a sense of accomplishment, don’t miss the green coral.

  1. Coral Euphorbia – A good baby with strong growth

Coral Euphorbia (also known as silver coral), Euphorbiaceae (Euphorbiaceae) Euphorbia (Euphorbia), scientific name: Euphorbia cedrorum crist.

See the green bamboo shoots? He has fleshy walls! The succulent wall has been planted for nearly two years, and he is one of the best and looks particularly good!

He is a red card star in the Euphorbiaceae family. If you like “the funny shape with hands and feet like a cactus” in summer, you must not miss him! To grow well in the summer, two tips must be grasped: get more sunshine and water when the soil is dry! Following these two steps, you can definitely grow faster and longer! (It can grow more than 30 cm in half a year), while a healthy coral euphorbia is hard pressed with a little bit of strength. There will be obvious wrinkles in the case of water shortage. At this time, you can use the method of soaking to give water. Soak the whole pot in the water for two hours before picking it up. After the roots fully absorb water, they will be full the next day! Is your heart moved? The advantages of Coral Euphorbia are not only that, it is also very good for breeding and sharing!

  1. Keel-Euphorbiaceae succulent shaped like a cactus

Keel, Euphorbiaceae, Euphorbia, also known as Triangular Overlord Whip, Triangular Euphorbia, and Measuring Tianchi.

It is named for its hard, upright and thorny appearance. The evergreen plant has a three-sided shape and is multi-branched. The adult plant can reach up to 4-5 meters in height, with small spines on the edges, which are extremely short. Flat leaves are prone to grow on the top of the keel grown outdoors, while the leaves are prone to fall out because of the difficulty in normal photosynthesis when planted indoors. It is a representative species of Euphorbiaceae succulent.

  1. Wrinkled Kylin – Small and numerous fleshy with a special shape

Kirin, Euphorbiaceae Euphorbia, native to Madagascar, Africa, will grow up faster in the sun! Indoor planting will grow up slowly, full of fleshy indoor products. Hahaha, have you ever seen succulents with such a special appearance? I really like the funny look of every leaf curled up in him! Look closely at the shape of lace piping. He is a wrinkled leaf unicorn. There is another relative version called “tube leaf unicorn”. The leaves are not wrinkled and are rolled up like a tube. The plants grow in clusters, creeping or standing upright, the old leaves are darker in color, and the new leaves are emerald green.

  1. Guanyin Lotus Roll Silk – A succulent mother with many children and grandchildren

Guanyin lotus curled silk, sedum sedum genus, originated in Europe. The emerald green leaf surface changes to a bright red leaf tip, and there is almost no gradation at the color junction in the middle, so most of the friends who saw Guanyin lotus scroll silk at first glance would ask, “Is this true?” It’s a real color! It’s very beautiful, and not only the mother plant, but also the small side buds on the side can easily have such a big color change. If you like high-profile succulents, you really can’t miss him!

  1. Phnom Penh Tigertail Orchid – Indoor Air Purifier

Huwei orchid, also known as Welwitschia, is a perennial plant in the agave family with more than 20 species. The plant height can reach about 1 meter. There are irregular dark green cloud-like horizontal stripes on both sides of the leaves, which are named after the tiger’s tail. In terms of planting, Huweilan does not have strict requirements for the living environment. It is a potted plant that is very suitable for decorating living rooms, study rooms and other places. Its biggest feature and benefit is that it can purify the air. According to experts, the tigertail orchid can absorb more than 80% of the harmful gas in the room. It has a particularly strong ability to absorb formaldehyde. It has obvious practicality in newly decorated houses. The tigertail orchid potted plant with excellent functions and beauty can also protect against radiation. Oh!

  1. Otome Heart-Fat Baby Finger

Otome heart, sedum sedum is a succulent plant in the sedum family. It can be said to be one of the most attractive and representative varieties of sedum succulents. Its appearance is a bit like fat and tender “baby fingers”. Otome Xin likes more sunshine (in spring, autumn and winter). To change the color of Otome heart so that he has red fingertips, the most effective and easiest way is to control the light and temperature difference. Autumn, winter and early spring are the most suitable. Oh! Let him perform photosynthesis outdoors to make Otome’s heart the most healthy and beautiful!

  1. Thousand Bunny Ears-Good species and good reproduction

Crassulaceae, Kalanchoe genus, born in spring and autumn.

Thousands of rabbit ears are fleshy in the rabbit ear family series. The leaf color is gray-green without star points. The surface is covered with a short hairy texture. Among all rabbit ears, the leaf shape is the most special, square and short, with slightly jagged edges. . Although it is fleshy in spring and autumn, it will grow well in summer! These two photos are grown outdoors. If they are grown indoors, the leaves look soft and withered. Sometimes you can pinch and touch the fleshy touch. It is also a good way to check whether the fleshy is healthy!

This article introduces a lot of succulents of the genus Kalanchoe. The butterfly dance brocade and silver taiko are also in the same family. Why do we strongly recommend them? Because the genus Kalanchoe in Taiwan is almost equal to the representative of the “good baby in the succulent world”, it is well taken care of and there is no problem of going through the summer!

And spring is a good time for the rabbits (Thousand Rabbit Ears, Fairy Dance Family, Moon Rabbit Ears) to behead their heads, and then it’s the season for them to sprout and explode. Friends with Thousand Rabbit Ears at home, follow us Step-by-step teaching, prepare ~ the more species, the more!

  1. White Black Hat-Mickey Mouse appearance

Cactus family, cactus genus, born in summer.

If you like succulents, you must have seen the white black hat, because he is so cute (did you know that cacti is also a member of the succulents family?), many people have to designate to find him in a butcher shop! With a flat appearance, if there are two small side buds on the top, it is as cute as Mickey Mouse; if there are 4-5 small side buds, some people think it looks like a foot, is it funny?

Japan also calls the white black hat “white peach fan.” Taiwan would call him Mickey Mouse. When I traveled to Japan before, I was lucky to see the white black hat blooming. Because his flowering period is very short, only one day in full bloom, so I can see it. He is so happy that he is really blooming! However, don’t take it lightly just because of the cuteness of his whole body covered with white fur. If you look carefully, these are actually piles of “thorns”, one by one densely growing on a thorn seat at the same time. To touch him with your hands, you must pay attention to the strength of the force, because the thorns are very small and sharp, and the feeling of being stabbed is really not good.

The white black hat is not so suitable for being placed in the wild. Long-term rain can easily cause the bottom part to be soft and rotten, but occasional rain is no problem! In summer, the growth rate is also very fast, and the masses grow upwards. To reproduce, he can wear gloves to remove the 2-3 segments, and then insert them into the special medium for succulents to reproduce!

  1. Lao Le – The best blue fleshy

Adequate sunlight can maintain a fleshy figure and beauty. Seeing that the old music we grow is so beautiful, the planting locations of these old music are all outdoors, with more than 4-6 hours of sunlight every day. If it is planted indoors in a space where there is not enough sunlight and cannot normally perform photosynthesis, Lao Le will easily look like wearing a skirt, with drooping leaves, and the flower shape will not be so beautiful!

It is grown outdoors, why is it still not so beautiful? It also has something to do with the rainy season this time. During the rainy season, if a friend who raised in the open rain gets too much rain and there is not enough sun, it will cause the flower pattern to be out of shape and the color to turn green, but don’t worry, there will be too much sun afterwards. It will slowly return to its original state!

Lao Le does not have the problem of going through the summer in Taiwan. Even in the summer, he can photosynthesize well under the sun. If you want to grow bigger, you can change the pots for him every fall. When the Lao Le flowers you plant are bigger than the pots. Then change the pot to a bigger one. Don’t change the pot to a large one. Once it is 1-2 inches larger, it will grow bigger and bigger if you grow it slowly!

  1. The Vine of Love-Mini Heart

The vine of love is Ceropegia woodii.

The first one I want to introduce is the “love vine” with the word love in the name. The Chinese name sounds really artistic: vines like a heart. The English name is: String of hearts. As the name suggests, it grows in a branch-like shape, and there are small leaves with true love on the left and right sides. In addition to the lovely heart-shaped leaves of the love vine, another feature is that the base of the petiole of mature plants will grow round tubers, which look like a string of rosary beads, so there is also a famous name named Rosary. Vine (rosary vine). (The introduction text of Love Manner is here for reference.)

  1. Variegated Leaf Million Hearts-Little is so cute

Variegated leaves with million hearts, Asclepiaceae, Ophthalmum genus.

Like the vine of love, the variegated leaf million hearts is also a brocade version of the million hearts, but not as obvious as the variegated leaf million hearts, the border of the variegated leaf million hearts is slightly off-white, and the green in the middle is like Blended with a bit of milk-like matte and tender, it looks like mint chocolate exquisite, isn’t it more exciting than a million hearts?

If you want these succulents to grow fat and tender, you can add some long-lasting fertilizer! Add appropriate amount of fertilizer during the growing season (the fertilizer package has some suitable dosage), and sprinkle it once a season. Fertilizer is not a necessity, but just like human beings eat nutrients, they will grow better if they eat it!

How to take care of the variegated heart

The way of care is basically the same as that of the million hearts, that is, a little attention should be paid to plants with variegated leaves that are usually tender and require a little more attention.

  1. Ji Yuyue – Red Little Succulent

Ji Yuyue likes a sunny environment and is resistant to drought. The color of the leaves gets redder with the sunburn, and grows fast in Taiwan in spring and autumn. If it is planted indoors, the color of the leaves will be foggy green, and there is less luster, so it is recommended to plant it outdoors to make it more beautiful! For each watering method, wait until the soil is dry before watering it all through. If it is in a relatively unventilated environment, try not to pour it on the core of the leaf, as long-term accumulation of water will make it easy to ruin. Want to know how to breed Ji Ozuki? Check it out!! Succulent Q&A: Breeding Ji Oyue, beheading (Succulents Breeding)

  1. Debbie – beautiful purple fleshy

I remember that when I first started growing succulents five years ago, Debbie was still very common in the market, and several succulent stalls that I often visited were also set up for sale, but in the middle of two years it became less common and it was not rare. It’s so difficult to obtain, but it’s not so common anymore. However, this year there is a trend of more and more. The price of re-returning is slightly higher. However, because of his beautiful face, you can recommend it for those who like purple and fleshy. Than take it home!

Debbie’s leaves are arranged in a lotus shape. The leaves are thick and long spoon-shaped. The tips of the leaves are triangular, and the leaves are pink-purple to purplish red. It is one of the few succulents that can show pink-purple throughout the year. Taiwan’s summer is still a little bit grayish green, but in winter Debbie is really beautiful, and the purple-red color is very romantic like a flower. There is a layer of white powder on the top of the leaf. It is a fleshy sunscreen mechanism, just like sunscreen. This sunscreen will fall off if you touch it lightly with your hands. After all, the white powder will not automatically whiten back, affecting the appearance. It also destroys the sun protection mechanism of the leaf surface, so it’s good to see the white powdery fleshy with your eyes.

  1. Bergamot – special shape tiger-tail orchid

Bergamot, a genus of agaveaceae, Sansevieria cylindrica var. patula ‘boncel’, the scientific name is Sansevieria cylindrica var. patula ‘boncel’.

Bergamot tiger tail orchid is a kind of horticultural cultivar. The common English names are boncel (boncel) and spear orchid (lance orchid). Many photos can be found by using these two names on IG or the Internet. It is a rod-shaped tiger tail Orchid is a perennial evergreen plant of the Agaveaceae family. The rhizome grows creepingly and has no stem. The plant height can reach about 1 meter. There are irregular dark green cloud-like horizontal stripes on both sides, named after the tiger’s tail. Although it is not a rare species of Tigertail orchid, it is not common in general flower markets. You can find it at a store specializing in Tigertail orchid. From the beginning of the indoor potting boom in the 1970s, the streamline and structural charm of the tigertail orchid has been widely known, and interior designers and landscape designers love to use it, and it has continued to the present.

The fan-shaped bergamot is like a Buddha’s palm. The stick-shaped leaves are spread out like fingers. Also known as the bergamot, the editor believes that the most beautiful state of the bergamot is that there are more than 10 leaves growing symmetrically on both sides, like a huge green. It’s like a fan, and it’s quite present on the table!

Bergamot tigertail orchid does not have strict requirements on the living environment. It is a potted plant that is very suitable for decorating living rooms, study rooms and other places. Its biggest feature and benefit is that it can purify the air. According to experts, the tigertail orchid can absorb more than 80% of harmful gases in the room, and it has a particularly strong ability to absorb formaldehyde. It has obvious practicality in newly decorated houses. The tigertail orchid potted plant with excellent functions and beauty can also protect against radiation. Oh!

  1. Bluebird – White puff is thick with thin leaves and succulent

The blue bird belongs to the genus Stone lotus of the Crassulaceae family, and the English name is: Blue Bird.

The bluebirds on the market are divided into thick leaf and thin leaf types. This article is thin leaf bluebird. It is a giant succulent that can grow very large. If you take care of it properly and continue to change the large pot, a pot can be about 25 cm wide, and the diameter is about the same as your upper arm. The leaf shape is long and flat, with obvious white powder. Because the leaf surface is thin, there is a light yellow border on the edge of the leaf under backlight, which is quite elegant.

The leaves of the blue bird are covered with a light white powder, but many succulent lovers want to take care of it. This delicate white powder is the sunscreen mechanism of the succulents, and the succulents are exposed to more rain, or The white powder will drop even if it touches the finger slightly, what should I do if it does? What can’t be done! The white powder will not grow back after the outer leaves are dropped, but the white powder on the newly grown leaves will also grow. Next time you see white powder on your succulents, don’t wash it off or touch it. Oh!

Q1: What are succulents?
What are succulents? Definition of succulents

“Are you asking me whether onions are considered succulents? Broadly speaking!” This sentence may make many people feel uneasy, because different people have completely different interpretations of the definition of “succulents”. Succulents should be fully explained. It’s very difficult, how can it be?

Because succulents are actually a term used in horticulture, they are vague in definition. They are not clearly defined categories in botany. The broadest definition is “plants with large water-storing tissues”, and the narrowest definition is “must “Photosynthetic plants with sedum acid metabolism” sometimes need to be defined by adding the environment and climate for plant growth, such as growing in desert areas, dry areas, climates with clear dry seasons, etc. So in simple terms, Plants that have succulent parts on plants are succulents.

Q2: The basic method of growing succulents
Succulent planting method Succulent plant maintenance and care

If you have never raised too many succulents, or are ready to start to try and see, you can take care of succulents by grasping the following three principles!

Sun, air (ventilation), water, three principles.

Sunshine: Most succulents like to bask in the sun. Some of the succulents have the ability to tolerate shade. It is important to expose them to the sun moderately.
Air (ventilation): Most succulents are not well adapted to humid environments, so ventilation is particularly important for them, and it is a good choice to place them by windows or on balconies.
Water: The dryness and humidity of the soil will affect whether plants can get water through the root system. Water is also an indispensable element for photosynthesis of plants. Basically, “watering once every two weeks” is a more appropriate frequency.

Q3: Why did the succulents die?
Succulents withered Succulents rotted

Like the lyrics of “Simple Life”, “Here is a rain in the northwest, you suddenly black-stem autumn tiger, then I will be cautious”, if your succulents start to have some abnormalities, it makes you feel that it is not right, the following are the most likely to cause The reason why the succulents died is provided for you to match. Observe your succulents. The following problems may be caused:

Rotten root: Is the stem underneath rotted? It may be too humid! This will happen if the root system cannot breathe. Pay attention to the amount of watering and the composition of the soil.
Insect damage: Is there a white insect crawling? It may be scale insects. Use cotton swabs or tweezers to remove them quickly. If there are still a lot of them, replace the soil.
Pumping: Is the distance between the leaves getting longer and longer? Maybe it was too much water and too little light!
Weakness: Are you lying softly on the soil? Move him to a sunny place.
Sunburn: Did you put him from a low-light place to a full-sun place one at a time? The yellowish-brown part of the leaf is not recovering from sunburn.
Another possibility is that the pot needs to be changed. Based on our experience, the pot should be changed in about two years. The medium in the pot should be changed at the same time when the pot is changed, so that the plant can absorb nutrients from the medium again. If you have a favorite pot The device can also be replaced at this time!

Q4: Several advantages of being succulent
Advantages of Succulents Introduction to 22 popular succulents and basic maintenance methods 6

Less pests: The sand-comb water medium drains quickly and is dry, so it is not easy to breed mosquitoes.
Travel-friendly: You can travel for ten and a half days, and you don’t need to trouble neighbors to help with watering, and your heads are strong.
It does not take up space: it is small in size, and any small balcony can be planted with dozens of varieties.
Many likes: There are many people who grow succulents in Taiwan, and they can easily discuss “planting classics” with others.

Q5: Advance your succulent conservation skills
Advanced Succulent Conservation Techniques Succulent Plants Replacing Pots

The above introduces three basic factors to be considered in plant care, sunlight, air, and water, and then two points, the influence of fertilizer and soil (medium).

Fertilizer: Plants need nutrients. If they can be supplemented appropriately, Succulents can bring very different effects. Succulents can use general fertilizers.

Soil: The soil is also called medium. Most of the succulent plants are in water-deficient areas. The soil does not need to be too water-retaining. Granular soil will be more suitable. It is better to change the soil and move the pot to manage and take care of the succulents just brought home. .

If you still feel that you have not learned enough, you can consider learning with the teacher to save time for self-study and reduce the chance of making mistakes.

Point: The last piece of advice for succulent novices: Observe
Succulent plant observation method Succulent plant planting suggestion

Continuous observation is the best way.

As the saying goes: “The more you understand a thing, the more you will like it.” Let your observation power become better day by day. Are there any changes in leaves, colors, heights, and pedicels? There are countless possibilities in life, depending on how much time you are willing to spend studying, gradually you will know how healthy and fleshy it looks. Let us learn about plants and the characteristics of succulents together, and we will like him little by little.

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