Types of light sources: According to different light sources, it can be divided into four categories: fluorescent lamps, incandescent lamps, halogen lamps, and LEDs. Fluorescent lamps are white cold light, and the lighting effect is relatively uniform, and it is not easy to appear very solid shadows. Fluorescent lamps are brighter than incandescent lamps, have less heat dissipation, consume less power, and have a longer life span than incandescent lamps. Fluorescent lamps have colors such as cold light, cool white, warm white, and bulb color. For example, we usually see school lamps, lamp panels for ceiling lamps, lamp holders for table lamps, etc., all of which are fluorescent lamps. Let’s take a look at several fluorescent lamps in the picture below. Incandescent lamps, incandescent lamps belong to the warm color system, which can make the color of objects more natural. This kind of lamp is easier to produce shadows and create a three-dimensional effect. Because this kind of light bulb can be dimmed, it can make the atmosphere of the space stronger, and the power consumption is not very large. Halogen lamps, halogen lamps are smaller in size and have a longer life span, and their light-emitting principle is the same as that of incandescent lamps. Divided into halogen bulbs, low-voltage halogen bulbs, cold light halogen bulbs. I believe everyone is familiar with LED/light-emitting diodes. It is characterized by long life, low power consumption and environmental protection.
Color temperature and light source; Color temperature is to divide the color of light according to the numerical value. The unit is K (Kelvin). If it is expressed by color temperature, it can make a clear contrast between artificial light and natural light, making it easier for people to distinguish light. feel. Generally, 3500-4000K is commonly used in our family.
Matching lights; After understanding the basic concepts of light sources, let’s see how to distribute light. The following figure shows different light distribution choices based on different shapes of light sources and different lighting methods. We can choose the lighting form that suits us according to different needs, places and spaces.
What kind of lights will there be at home; 1. Chandeliers, that is, the main light, are generally used in the living room and dining room and the master bedroom; 2. Ceiling lights, installed on the top of the ceiling, illuminate the entire space, generally used in the kitchen, balcony or bathroom ; 3. Wall lamps, generally installed on the wall, used as atmosphere lights, or for decorative purposes; 4. Built-in lamps, embedded in the ceiling to illuminate small spaces; 5. High-rise lamps, suitable for installation in more spacious spaces, compare Easy to use; 6. Door lights, illuminate the entrance area; 7. Garden lights, illuminate courtyards, plants, etc.; 8. Entrance lights, illuminate the space around the porch; 9. Spotlights, commonly known as spotlights, illuminate walls Or purposeful lighting furniture; 10. A foot lamp, for the safety of walking at night, illuminate the passing area. 11. Floor lamp, illuminate a corner area of the desk or sofa.
In-depth interpretation of the lighting mode; Guest restaurant: Generally, chandeliers are used, with spotlights around them for atmosphere effects. The light strip can also be used as an ambient light. Bedroom: Use chandelier as the main light source. Like the living room, use spotlights and light strips to make ambient light effects. In addition, bedside table lamps, floor lamps in the leisure area, and foot lamps will be installed. Study room: set up more chandeliers and spotlights to cooperate with. Kitchen: Downlights and spotlights will be set on the top surface, and induction lights are required for the cabinets. Bathroom: Spotlights should be installed on the top surface, and light strips or mirror lights should be installed on the mirror cabinet. The above is the lighting knowledge shared for everyone, I hope it can be helpful to everyone in the lighting configuration!